MATLAB Compatibility: nominal() and ordinal() objects since R2013a are not compatible with R2012b and before

In the old days (before R2013a), nominal() and ordinal() were separate parallel classes with astoundingly similar structures. That means there’s a lot of copy-paste-mod going on. TMW improved on it by consolidating the ideas into a new categorical() class, which nominal() and ordinal() derives from it.

The documentation mentioned that nominal() and ordinal() might be deprecated in the future, but I contacted their support urging them not to. It’s not for compatibility reasons: nominal() and ordinal() captures the common use cases that these two ideas do not need to be unified, and the names themselves clearly encodes the intention.

If the user want to exploit the commonalities between the two, either it’s already taken care of by the parent’s public methods, or the object can be sliced to make it happen. I looked into the source code for nominal() and ordinal(): it’s pretty much a wrapper over categorical’s methods yet the interface (input arguments) are much simpler and intuitive because we don’t have consider all the more general cases.

Back to the titled topic. Because categorical()’s properties (members) are different from pre R2013a’s nominal() and ordinal() objects, the objects created in R2012b or before cannot be loaded correctly in newer versions. That means the backward compatibility is completely broken for nominal()/ordinal() as far as saved objects are concerned.

There’s no good incentive to solve this problem on the TMWs side because the old nominal()/ordinal() is short-lived and they always want everybody to upgrade. Since I use nominal() most of the time and the ones that really need to be saved are all nominal(), I recommend the converting (‘casting’) them to cellstr by

>> A = nominal({'a','a','b','c'});
>> A = cellstr(A)
A = 
    'a'    'a'    'b'    'c'

Remember, nominal() is pretty much compressing a ton of cellstr into a few unique items and mapping the indices. No information is lost going back and forth between cellstr() and nominal(). It’s just a little extra computations for the conversion.

As for ordinal(), I rarely need to save it because order/level assignment is almost the very last thing in the processing chain because it changes so frequently (e.g. how would you draw the lines for six levels of fatness?), I might as well just not save it and reprocess the last step (where the code with ordinal() sits) when I need it.

Nonetheless, if you still want to save ordinals() instead of re-crunching it, this time you’ll want to save it as numerical levels by casting the ordinal() into double():

>> A = ordinal([1 2 3; 3 2 1; 2 1 3],{'low' 'medium' 'high'}, [3 1 2])
A = 
     medium      high        low    
     low         high        medium 
     high        medium      low    
>> D = double(A)
D =
     2     3     1
     1     3     2
     3     2     1
>> U = unique(A)
U = 
     low 
     medium 
     high 
>> L = cellstr(U)
L = 
    'low'
    'medium'
    'high'
>> I = double(U)
I =
     1
     2
     3
>> A_reconstructed = ordinal(D, L, I)
A_reconstructed = 
     medium      high        low    
     low         high        medium 
     high        medium      low

You’ll save (D, L, I) from old MATLAB and load it and reconstruct it with the triplets from the new MATLAB (I’d suggest using structs to keep track of the triplets). I know it’s a hairy mess!

 

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